Point Nepean National Park: the Quarantine Station

The Quarantine Station at Point Nepean was first opened in 1852 and officially closed 1980. From 1951 until 1998 the station also housed the Australian Army Officer Cadet School and the School of Army Health.

One of the original Hospital buildings
One of five Hospital buildings

Today, many of the buildings are open to the public and offer an insight into life on a Quarantine Station and the history of immigration to Australia. One of the most well known ships to moor off Point Nepean and raise the yellow flag was the Ticonderoga in November 1852. In the terrible living conditions, 93 passengers died of Typhus on board the ship during the voyage from Liverpool to Melbourne with many bodies being thrown overboard and a further 70 would die at the basic quarantine station which was completely unprepared for the catastrophe unfolding. Tents were made using the ships rigging, two huts were bought from local lime burners to use as infirmaries and a ship, the Lysander, was anchored off the coast and used to house the most serious cases.

PNQ- monument

It didn’t take long after the Ticonderoga incident for the building of a proper Quarantine station. Five hospital buildings were built in 1858/59. One was used for the sick, the others to house those not showing symptoms but quarantined in case. Other buildings were built for fumigating passengers luggage with formaldehyde and bath houses where passengers had to take baths using antiseptic soap.

PNQ chimney
buildings containing baths and the fumigation chambers
PNQ- fumegation
fumigation chamber

The station protected the colony (and later state) of Victoria from many epidemics including the Spanish Influenza epidemic in 1918/19 and many bouts of infectious diseases like measles, typhus, cholera, smallpox and more.

PNQ- hospital building
main hospital building where the sickest passengers were taken.

As science advanced and the need for such stations decreased, the Army took over some of the buildings for use as a training facility for Army officer cadets and Army health. Most recently, the station was home to over 400 Kosovar refugees during the  1998/99 conflict.

Today, the Quarantine Station, along with the Army forts, is managed by Parks Victoria and is popular day out for visitors to the National Park.

beach in front of the Quarantine Station
beach in front of the Quarantine Station

xx Lauren- navy

Point Nepean National Park: The Forts

When I decided that I was going to do the 4 day hike to Machu Picchu, I knew that I would have to do some training. One of my favourite place to go hiking close to home is located at the very tip of the Mornington Peninsula- Point Nepean National Park.

Over the years, this park has been home to a Quarantine Station for newly arrived immigrants to the city of Melbourne, and also to the Royal Australian Army.

In this post I thought I’d cover the army forts at the very tip of the park.

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The forts were commissioned in the late 1800’s as the City of Melbourne was growing in importance and defences were needed. It’s location, along with the forts at Point Lonsdale on the Bellarine Peninsula, guard the entrance to Port Phillip bay in which lies the Port of Melbourne.

At the beginning of World War 1, the German Merchant ship departed the Port of Melbourne moments before War was declared and tried to flee the bay for the safety of open waters before they could be detained. Unfortunately for them, the word that England had declared War against Germany got the soldiers at the fort before they could make it out of the bay and a shot was fired across their bow from Gun Enplacement Six. This was the first shot to be fired in World War 1 and the German captain surrendered to the Australians. Interestingly, the first Australian shot of WW2 was also fired from Gun Enplacement Six!

Today there is still plenty to see with bunkers scattered all along the coastline and tunnels that once held ammunition stores open for exploration. Parks Victoria has also done an amazing job when it comes to signage explaining the history and importance of the sites.

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Can you see the bunker?

PN army sign

PN sign

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Signs that shouldn’t be ignored

 

The National Park is also home to the beach where Australia lost a Prime Minister- Harold Holt. In 1967, Harold Holt went swimming with friends at Cheviot Beach, a notoriously dangerous beach and was lost, presumed drowned. His body was never recovered and there are several of conspiracy theories surrounding the disappearance but anyone who sees the beach on a good day can see that it’s a dangerous place and not smart place to swim. The beach proper is closed to the public but you can see it from the path on top of the sand dunes.

Cheviot Beach, where Australia lost a Prime Minister
Cheviot Beach, where Australia lost a Prime Minister
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Keep an eye out for the wildlife! I’ve seen echidnas, wallabies, plenty of birds, and a snake here!
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Walking track looking towards the Quarantine Station

Travel Guide- Mornington Peninsula

Mornington PeninsulaI work in a hotel. I used to work at the local Visitor Info Centre. These are the answers to most of the questions I have been asked on a near daily basis for years…

The Mornington Peninsula is a very popular holiday destination just outside of Victoria’s capital city, Melbourne (about an hours drive if the traffic isn’t too terrible). There is something for everyone- beaches, wineries, mazes, old forts, amazing cafés, and so much more. I thought I’d put together a simple guide for everyone planning to come visit or perhaps inspire some to come!

Let’s start with the food & drinks. The Mornington Peninsula is not short on eateries or places to drink (these two often go hand in hand). You can probably find somewhere new to eat everyday of the year and not get bored!

Eat & Drink

Cafés

  • Merchant & Maker, McCrae. I had the pancakes with Apple Mousse and it was devine. I was pretty impressed with the coffee too!
  • Cakes & Ale, Sorrento.
  • Picknics, Rye
  • Dee’s Kitchen, Dromana.
  • Blue Mini Café, Rosebud. This place is a quirky one! It’s out in the industrial estate in Rosebud in a former bowling alley. Sells gifts and homewares as well.
  • Peninsula Pantry, Rye
  • A Mini Kitchen, Rye
  • Winey Cow, Morington
  • The Counting House, Mornington
  • Merricks General Wine Store, Merricks
  • Flinder’s Bakehouse Café
  • Laneway Espresso, Dromana
  • Via Boffe, Mornington

Restaurants

  • Eighteen78, Mornington. This is a different kind of restaurant. It’s all about the Chef’s tasting menus so you choose the number of courses (3, 5, or 7) and if you want the wine pairing menu to go with!
  • Marco Polo, Mornington – Afghan
  • Milbri, Rosebud
  • MAX’S at Red Hill Estate
  • D.O.C, Mornington
  • Ten Minutes by Tractor, Red Hill
  • Soy, Mornington – Chinese
  • Linden Tree at Lindenderry, Red Hill – fine dining at it’s best
  • The Rocks, Mornington
  • Foxey’s Hangout, Red Hill- unpretentious winery setting with great food!
  • Loquat, Sorrento
  • Red Hill Brewery, Red Hill South. This brewery has beer plus a proper restaurant.

Bars & Wine

  • Mornington Brewery, Morington. There’s pizza and beer brewed on site. What could be better?!
  • Sound Bar, Rosebud West
  • Claret & Co, Sorrento
  • Independent Wine Store, Rye- also do cheese boards and the like
  • Two Buoys, Dromana- Tapas and popular for drinks

Pamper & Relax

  • Peninsula Hot Springs, Fingal. On site café, private pools, massage, and plenty of outdoor heated pools. Book ahead and try to go during off peak times as it gets stupidly busy.
  • Red Hill Spa, Red Hill. Facials, Massage, Spa soaks, everything you expect from a Day Spa.
  • Endota Day Spa, Mornington & Moorooduc.

Fun & Games

Sightseeing

  • Cape Schanck Lighthouse
  • Point Nepean Quarantine Station and Army forts
  • Charlie’s Auto Museum, Arthurs Seat
  • Sorrento Rock Pools, Ocean Beach Rd, Sorrento Back Beach
  • McCrae Homestead, McCrae

 

Something I’ve missed? Any questions? Email me!!